What is the difference between Siberian, Astrakhan, Volga and Crimean Tatars - статьи, истории, публикации | WEproject

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What is the difference between Siberian, Astrakhan, Volga and Crimean Tatars
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11.07.2019

What is the difference between Siberian, Astrakhan, Volga and Crimean Tatars

Volga Tatars

About the history

— Volga Tatars have Finnish and Bulgarian roots. There no strong features in appearance. This is the most Europeanized part of the Tatars

— live on the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan.

About the language

— The Tatar language belongs to the Turkic group of the Altai language family

— there are three dialects — Western, Kazan-Tatar and Siberian-Tatar.

About cuisine

— Tatar cuisine is one of the most delicious. For example, Chack-Chack — Tatar national dish has become a favourite delicacy of many nations

— main dishes — meat, dairy and vegetable food, horse meat is popular. Cooked many pastries, like baursak.

— popular drinks — tea, ayran, sherbet.

About culture

— Volga Tatars featured with a high level of skill in leather processing, sewing with gold. Weaving, felting, forging and jewellery crafts are still developed

— representatives of this nation respect religion and elders

— the most significant holiday of the nation is Sabantuy. On holiday in the city centre arrange sports competitions, national games, horse racing.


Crimean Tatar

About the history

— Crimean Tatars considered a separate ethnic group. The culture was formed under the influence of Turkey and local Crimean people

— outwardly, they are dark-skinned and dark-haired with Mongoloid features

— the ethnos was formed on the territory of Crimea.

About the language

— language and traditions differ from other Tatars, primarily with intonation and phonetics

— many words and expressions of the Tatar language Crimean Tatars do not understand

— the language belongs to the Oguz-Kipchak branch of Turkic languages. They fluently speak Russian, Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar.

About cuisine

— the national cuisine is rich and diverse. Due to the fact that throughout history the Crimean Tatars met with the culture of Greece, Turkey, Ukraine, Caucasus, Central Asia

— spread hearty meat dishes, mainly from lamb or beef, lagman, pilaf and sarma are popular

— from traditional baking, it is worth to note kubete — juicy pie with meat, potatoes and onions

— traditional Oriental sweets, a favourite delicacy is a baklava.

About culture

— the main occupations of the Crimean Tatars — tobacco, viticulture, horticulture, animal husbandry. The Tatars were known as good craftsmen

— distinguished by jewellery craftsmanship, jewellery made of gold, silver

— the main holiday is Nauryz — beginning of the agriculture year and spring held on March 22.


Siberian Tatars

About the history

— Siberian Tatars look more Mongoloid, although they are also dark-haired and dark-eyed

— occupied the territory of Western Siberia.

About the language

— Siberian-Tatar dialect.

About cuisine

— in food prefer to use meats of pork, elk, poultry, and dairy products — buttermilk, cream, butter, cheese.

About culture

— the culture and language were strongly influenced by the ancient Siberian and Central Asian roots. Therefore, many of the names and material culture of the people borrowed from them

— Siberian Tatars considered more hospitable than Russian Siberians. Tatars characterized by a commitment to the family

— Siberian Tatars considered being good traders by nature

— mainly engaged in cattle breeding. Since ancient times, they have raised horses, various types of cattle, in rare cases, raise camels

— the Eastern New year distinguished from the holidays — Amal, which came from the Turks and still celebrated during the spring equinox.


Astrakhan Tatars

About the history

— Astrakhan Tatars have a combination of European features of the Volga Tatars and Mongoloid from the Kazakhs and Kyrgyz

— a community of Tatars formed in the territory of the modern Astrakhan region.

About the language

— culture and language were influenced by Nogay and Caucasian roots

— basically, Astrakhan Tatars speak Tatar, but many speak a unique dialect.

About cuisine

— Astrakhan Tatars prefer not only traditional Tatar cuisine but also Astrakhan dishes

— they have special recipes of cooking, such as vegetable jam

— Russian traditions also had a strong influence on the kitchen, therefore, highlighted the cake with different fillings.

About culture

— the basis of the agriculture was animal husbandry, melons and fishing

— Astrakhan Tatars good winemakers and gardeners. Still on their territory growing watermelons and melons, sold in other regions of Russia

— among the holidays distinguished Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha

— the New Year holiday Nauryz celebrated on March 10 in the old style, at the same time with the beginning of spring.